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Allow students the opportunity, when they have completed a paper/project, to share their results/findings through a narrated PowerPoint, poster, or infographic. 

Dual coding
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Dual Coding
Dual Coding

By combining multiple representations of the same idea, it gives students two ways of remembering the information. You can use and model dual coding in your instructor-developed materials and ask students to do the same through scaffolded activities, such as building a timeline with both text and visuals, an infographic, or a storyboard.


Elaboration Techniques 
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Elaboration techniques
Elaboration techniques

Elaboration helps students integrate what they are learning by asking “how” and “why” things work. You can provide students with the opportunity to elaborate through discussion activities in your remote course, asking them to relate topics and concepts to their lives or through other extension-type tasks like comparisons. 


Exemplars: 
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Exemplars
Exemplars

Exemplars are an important tool in scaffolding learning. Examples of exemplary submissions (often from students in previous offerings of a course, used with permission) provide learners with a way of illustrating and understanding success criteria, which can seem highly abstract. Exemplars support assessment literacy and can be particularly efficacious in a remote learning environment where students may experience heightened uncertainty.  


Group feedback sessions: 
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Group feedback sessions
Group feedback sessions

Group feedback sessions are beneficial, as they encourage open communication, improve group functionality, and increase performance. To facilitate a group feedback session, provide students with a set of guiding questions which they will discuss as a group to help them understand and reflect upon how their group is functioning as a whole, and what they can do to improve.


Group mini-presentation: 
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Group mini-presentation
Group mini-presentation

Group mini-presentations are one way to involve students in active and collaborative peer learning. Assign groups to a specific topic in the course in which their group will be responsible to research and present on. This provides students with practice researching and working well in groups remotely, and presenting a low-steak presentation in preparation for a bigger group presentation later in the term. 


Group paper / article analysis: 
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Group paper / article analysis
Group paper / article analysis

For assignments that use a topic list or guided reading, allocate students into groups based on their selections. Students work in these small groups to brainstorm ideas from the text, support each others’ understanding, and may be used to provide feedback. 


Library search: 
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Library search
Library search

Providing students, particularly those in first year courses, with the opportunity to practice performing library searches can effectively scaffold research and other inquiry projects. Many instructors structure these searches as a “scavenger hunt”. Consider inviting a librarian to help you design an asynchronous activity or facilitate a workshop in Teams.


Literature review: 
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Literature review
Literature review

A literature review provides students with the opportunity to practice Internet research techniques, while fostering their ability to scan literature efficiently, and identify and summarize various studies relevant to a given research topic. 


Mind mapping: 
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Mind mapping
Mind mapping

See “Concept/Mind mapping” 


One-minute paper: 
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One-minute paper
One-minute paper

A one-minute paper is a powerful learning strategy where students are given one minute to summarize a specific topic of the lecture, or respond to a content-specific question to check their understanding. This not only provides instructors with feedback on how their students are understanding and interpreting concepts, but it also provides the learner an opportunity to engage in and reflect upon their own learning process. 


Peer review / feedback: 
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Peer review / feedback
Peer review / feedback

Provides students with learning opportunities on evaluation of their peers, while also giving them an opportunity to evaluate their own learning. 


Peer support: 
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Peer support
Peer support

Allow students to work in small groups to formulate ideas when they are thinking about their topic for inquiry. Group members assist their peers to narrow in on their topic


Proposal / outline submission: 
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Proposal / outline submission
Proposal / outline submission

Allow students to submit a short proposal for or outline of a paper, project, or presentation they are planning. Proposals allow your teaching team to ensure that students are on the right path and is an opportunity to give students feedback before they begin their inquiry.

Research journal: A research journal can act as an informal annotated bibliography where the student tracks their research findings, and how it connects to their assignment in a journal-like fashion.


Research reflection
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Research reflection
Research reflection

Students reflect on their research for their assignment, identifying what worked and what needs to be improved before their next assignment. This allows students to identify where they need to seek help, and identifies to the teaching team where future support may be needed. 


Retrieval practice:

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Retrieval practice
Retrieval practice

Retrieval practice activities are those that provide students with opportunities to test their knowledge through recall. Some examples include self-assessment quizzes, writing out or drawing everything they know about a specific topic, flashcards, and creating concept maps from memory. 


Revision options:

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Revision options
Revision options

Revision options allow students to submit work for non-graded feedback, which will be returned to them before the final submission date. Students would then integrate that feedback into their final submission for continuous improvement. 


Rubrics:

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Rubrics
Rubrics

Rubrics scaffold student learning by helping them to understand, explicitly instructors’ expectations and how to be successful. 


Self-assessment:

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Self-assessment
Self-assessment

Student assesses and reflects on their assignment, and the work that they put into it. Students learn important evaluation skills but also identity for their future assignments where they need to improve or seek help.


Self-inquiry journal:

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Self-inquiry journal
Self-inquiry journal

A tool used in labs where students report what they are doing and why they are doing it. It helps students reflect on their learning and extend their thinking into their next lab assignment. 


Sequenced assignment / bridging assignment:

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Sequenced assignment / bridging assignment
Sequenced assignment / bridging assignment

A sequenced assignment is a series of tasks that increase in difficulty, ending in a culminating product. These types of assessments provide coherence within a course and provide support for students in deepening their thinking. One example of a sequenced assignment is an “Essential Question”, where students are guided through a structured exploration of an authentic question that begins with eliciting students’ initial thoughts, introduces new perspectives, and helps students reach tentative closure.


Source evaluation:

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Source evaluation
Source evaluation

Though many students begin learning how to evaluate sources in high school, it is a skill that requires continual honing as a crucial step in the research process. Consider providing students with the opportunity to evaluate sources and perform library searches through an asynchronous activity co-designed with, or a synchronous workshop facilitated by, a librarian. 


Statement of confusion:

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Statement of confusion
Statement of confusion

A statement of confusion is a statement submitted by individual students or groups at any time during their activity that allows them to articulate what about their inquiry is confusing to them. It prompts students to inquire deeper into a subject while giving you an opportunity to get a snapshot of their learning.

Topic list: Provide students with a detailed list of topics or topic papers that they can build their assignment from.


Uncertainty guide / journal / reflection article
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Uncertainty guide / journal / reflection article
Uncertainty guide / journal / reflection article

A journal or article of reflection that a student uses throughout a lab or experiment where they make note of what they are unsure about, what they find confusing, or any other questions they may have from the exercise. Encourage students to search for answers on their own following the lab, or submit those questions to their teaching team for support. 

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